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Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Inhibits the Wound-Healing and Cell Proliferative Ability of Human Airway Epithelial Cells in Asthmatic Children

Shuguang Jing, Xinghua Li, Wei Liu, Xia Li

Department of Pediatrics, Liaocheng People’s Hospital, Liaocheng, Shandong, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923680

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.923680

Available online: 2020-08-31

Published: 2020-10-17

BACKGROUND: Asthma is a chronic disease with high morbidity rates. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been proven to induce airway hyper-responsiveness, but the function of BDNF in the wound-healing process of asthmatic human airway epithelial cells (HAECs) remains unclear. This study investigated the effects of BDNF in asthmatic children with injured HAECs.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: HAECs were obtained from healthy children and asthmatic children through bronchoscopy, and then cultured in air-liquid (ALI) interface with or without BDNF. A mechanical injury model was established for the wound-healing assay. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) assay was performed to measure BDNF mRNA expressions, while western blot assay was used for the measurement of BDNF and CCND1 protein expressions. Cell proliferation of impaired HAECs was assayed in a ³H-thymidine incorporation experiment.
RESULTS: The mRNA and protein levels of BDNF were overexpressed, and the wound-healing ability of HAECs decreased in asthma samples. Also, the cell proliferation of HAECs was suppressed in the asthmatic injury model and the injury-induced increase of CCND1 protein expressions was inhibited in asthma. Although mRNA and protein expressions of BDNF remained unchanging in healthy HAECs, there was an increase in impaired asthmatic HAECs. Upregulating BDNF led to a decrease in wound-healing ability of HAECs in both healthy children and children with asthma. Simultaneously, overexpressed BDNF reduced the CCND1 protein expressions in healthy HAECs, but had little impact on asthmatic HAECs.
CONCLUSIONS: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) inhibited wound-healing and cell proliferative ability of human airway epithelial cells (HAECs) in asthmatic children.

Keywords: Asthma, Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor, Epithelial Cells