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A Predictive Nomogram for Early Mortality in Stage IV Gastric Cancer

Yuqian Feng, Kaibo Guo, Huimin Jin, Yuying Xiang, Yiting Zhang, Shanming Ruan

The First Clinical Medical College of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923931

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.923931

Available online: 2020-06-18

Published: 2020-08-19


BACKGROUND: The study was intended to establish predictive nomogram models for predicting total early mortality (the probability of surviving less than or equal to 3 months) and cancer-specific early mortality in patients with stage IV gastric cancer. This was the first study to establish prognostic survival in patients with stage IV gastric cancer.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients from the SEER database were identified using inclusion and exclusion criteria. Their clinical characteristics were statistically analyzed. The Kaplan-Meier method and the log-rank test were used to compare the influences of different factors on survival time. Logistic regression models were conducted to explore the correlative factors of early mortality. A nomogram was established based on factors significant in the logistic regression model and an internal validation was performed.
RESULTS: Of the 11,036 eligible patients included in the study, 4932(44.7%) patients resulted in total early death (42.6% died of the cancer and 2.1% died of other reasons). Larger tumor size, poor differentiation, and liver metastasis were positively related to cancer-specific early mortality. Surgery was negatively related to total early mortality and cancer-specific early mortality, while cardia was only negatively associated with total early death. Predictive nomogram models for total early mortality and cancer-specific early mortality have been validated internally. The areas under the receiver operating characteristics curve were 73.5%, and 68.0%, respectively, and the decision curve analysis also proved the value of the models.
CONCLUSIONS: The nomogram models proved to be a suitable tool for predicting the early mortality in stage IV gastric cancer.

Keywords: Mortality, Premature, nomograms, Stomach Neoplasms



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