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Retinoic Acid-Platinum (II) Complex [RT-Pt(II)] Protects Against Rheumatoid Arthritis in Mice via MEK/Nuclear Factor kappa B (NF-κB) Pathway Downregulation

Ziqiang Cui, Yaping Lin, Yuhong Liu, Ling Cao, Li Cui

Department of Pediatric Orthopedics, Shaanxi Friendship Hospital, Xi’an, Shaanxi, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924787

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.924787

Available online: 2020-06-05

Published: 2020-08-03

BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory disorder that is present in approximately 1% of the world’s population. This study was aimed to investigate the effect of retinoic acid-platinum (II) complex [RT-Pt(II)] on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to explore the mechanism involved.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: MH7A cell viability was determined by MTT assay and apoptosis was assessed using FACSCalibur flow cytometry. RT-PCR and Western blot assays were used for assessment of mRNA and proteins levels.
RESULTS: Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis with RT-Pt(II) significantly reduced the levels of IL‑1ß, IL-6, IL-8, MMP-1, and MMP-13 in synovial fluid of mice in a dose-dependent manner. The expression of iNOS and COX-2 mRNA and protein in rheumatoid arthritis rats was also significantly inhibited by treatment with RT-Pt(II). The TNF-alpha-induced proliferation of MH7A cells was alleviated by RT-Pt(II) treatment in a concentration-dependent manner. Moreover, RT-Pt(II) treatment induced apoptosis and caused arrest of cell cycle in MH7A cells. The activation of MEK/NF-kappaB pathway was downregulated by RT-Pt(II) treatment in MH7A cells.
CONCLUSIONS: In summary, the present study demonstrated that RT-Pt(II) inhibits TNF-alpha-induced inflammatory response, suppresses cell viability, and induces apoptosis in rheumatoid arthritis synovial cells. Moreover, RT-Pt(II) exhibited its effect through targeting the MEK/NF-kappaB pathway. Therefore, RT-Pt(II) can be used for the development of treatments for rheumatoid arthritis.

Keywords: Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Keratin-16, Rheumatic Fever