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A Retrospective Study of Surgical Correction for Spinal Deformity with and without Osteotomy to Compare Outcome Using Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring with Evoked Potentials

Jian Chen, Jing-fan Yang, Yao-long Deng, Xie-xiang Shao, Zi-fang Huang, Jun-lin Yang

Spine Center, Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e925371

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.925371

Available online: 2020-06-16

Published: 2020-08-14

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of different combined evoked potentials monitoring modes for non-osteotomy and osteotomy surgery of spinal deformity, and to select individualized modes for various surgeries.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a total of 188 consecutive cases undergoing spinal deformity correction. All patients were classified into 2 cohorts: non-osteotomy (Group A) and osteotomy (Group B). According to intraoperative evoked potential monitoring mode, Group A was divided into 2 sub-groups: A1 [spinal somatosensory evoked potential (SSEP)/motor evoked potential (MEP), n=67)] and A2 [SSEP/MEP/descending neurogenic evoked potential (DNEP), n=52]. Group B was classified as B1 (SSEP/MEP, n=27) and B2 (SSEP/MEP/DNEP, n=42). The demographics, surgical parameters, and evoked potential events of different combined monitoring modes were analyzed within each group.
RESULTS: The baselines of SSEP/MEP/DNEP in all cases were elicited successfully. Three cases with evoked potential (EP) events (2 with MEP changes and 1 with SSEP/MEP change) were noted in Group A1 and 1 with SSEP change in Group A2, with no neurological complications. Thirteen cases in Group B1 were positive for MEP intraoperatively, including 16 EP events (13 with MEP change and 3 with both SSEP+MEP changes), with no neural complications. In Group B2, 15 cases had 21 EP events, including 12 with MEP change and 2 with SSEP+MEP changes, with no complications. Postoperative neurological complications were observed in 5 of the 7 cases with SS4EP/DNEP changes.
CONCLUSIONS: Intraoperative simultaneous SSEP/MEP can effectively reflect neurological function in non-osteotomy spinal surgery patients. Simultaneous SSEP/MEP/DNEP can effectively avoid the unnecessary interference by false-positive results of MEP during osteotomy.

Keywords: Evoked Potentials, Osteotomy, Scoliosis