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Epigallocatechin Gallate (EGCG) Improves Anti-Angiogenic State, Cell Viability, and Hypoxia-Induced Endothelial Dysfunction by Downregulating High Mobility Group Box 1 (HMGB1) in Preeclampsia

Min Zhong, Julan Peng, Lanhua Xiang, Xinhuang Yang, Xianghua Wang, Yanbin Zhu

Department of Obstetrics, People’s Hospital of Longhua Shenzhen, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e926924

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.926924

Available online: 2020-08-27

Published: 2020-10-15

BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia (PE) is a serious complication of pregnancy with no effective therapy. This study assessed whether epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) could reduce the production of anti-angiogenic factors, improve cell viability, and suppress endothelial dysfunction in vitro via regulating high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) in preeclampsia.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) grown in conditioned medium from hypoxic JEG-3 cells were used to investigate the effects of EGCG on anti-angiogenic state, cell viability, and markers of endothelial dysfunction. To confirm that EGCG exerted its effects via HMGB1, we also examined the impact of EGCG on anti-angiogenic state, cell viability, and endothelial dysfunction following HMGB1 treatment in vitro.
RESULTS: EGCG inhibited HMGB1 expression in hypoxic trophoblast cells in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, EGCG relieved anti-angiogenic state and endothelial dysfunction in hypoxic trophoblast cells by downregulating HMGB1. Moreover, EGCG dose-dependently promoted cell proliferation by downregulating HMGB1.
CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our data show the protective role of EGCG in preeclampsia and revealed EGCG-mediated effects on the production of anti-angiogenic factors, cell viability, and endothelial dysfunction through downregulating HMGB1. These observations suggest that EGCG is a novel therapeutic candidate for preeclampsia.

Keywords: Angiogenesis Inducing Agents, endothelial cells, HMGB1 Protein, Pre-Eclampsia