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01 March 2024: Human Study

Levels of Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Among Saudi Arabia’s Medical and Dental Practitioners: A Cross-Sectional Study Following the COVID-19 Pandemic

Ahmad H. Jabali 1ABDEF , Hemant Ramesh Chourasia 1ABDEF* , Mohammed Y. Tarrosh 1ABDF , Yaser A. Alhazmi 2ABCD , Mohammed Y. Aljabri 2ABCD , Uma H. Chourasia 3ABCF , Abrar Hakami 4ABCF , Riyadh Alroomy 5ADEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSMBR.942676

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2024; 30:e942676

Table 6 Stepwise multiple linear regression of the DAS domains for the significant determinants for all participants and by the field of practice.

B95% CI for BPB95% CI for BPB95% CI for BP
(Constant)* 13.6(8.7, 18.6)0.0006.9(2.0, 11.8)0.00614.8(10.2, 19.4)0.000
Sex2.6(1.0, 4.2)0.0021.9(0.4, 3.5)0.016
Specialty−1.6(−3.1, −0.1)0.041−3.8(−5.5, −2.1)0.000
Sleeping hours−3.7(−5.2, −2.2)0.000−2.2(−3.6, −0.8)0.003−2.1(−3.8, −0.5)0.011
Time surfing social media, hours4.0(2.5, 5.6)0.0002.8(1.3, 4.4)0.0003.2(1.5, 5.0)0.000
Smoking status2.0(1.1, 3.0)0.0001.3(0.4, 2.2)0.0051.1(0.1, 2.2)0.026
Physical exercise−1.6(−3.1, −0.1)0.042
(Constant)* 18.9(13.5, 24.3)0.00010.3(6.7, 14.0)0.00025.3(19.8, 30.8)0.000
Specialty−4.5(−6.6, −2.4)0.000
Sleeping hours−4.1(−6.0, −2.2)0.000−2.7(−4.4, −0.9)0.003−3.3(−5.3, −1.3)0.002
Time surfing social media, hours4.1(2.1, 6.1)0.0002.8(1.0, 4.6)0.002
Smoking status1.8(0.7, 2.9)0.0011.2(0.0, 2.4)0.047
Physical exercise−2.2(−4.1, −0.2)0.029−2.5(−4.5, −0.4)0.020
(Constant)* 20.6(12.1, 29.0)0.00016.1(10.6, 21.5)0.0007.2(3.6, 10.7)0.000
Sex2.4(0.1, 4.8)0.045
Age−3.7(−6.2, −1.2)0.004−2.6(−4.0, −1.1)0.001
Having children−3.0(−5.2, −0.9)0.006
Sleeping hours−3.2(−5.7, −0.8)0.0092.2(0.7, 3.8)0.006
Time surfing social media, hours3.1(0.4, 5.8)0.022
DAS – depression, anxiety, stress; CI – confidence interval; B – standardized regression coefficient.
* The constant is the y-intercept in the model. It indicates the value of y (the dependent) when all of the x-variables (predictors) are 0.

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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416