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microRNA-211-3p has a Role in the Effects of Lipopolysaccharide on Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress in Cultured Human Skin Fibroblasts

Yongxiang Wang, Chunyan Wang

(Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2019; 25:164-168

DOI: 10.12659/MSMBR.915379

BACKGROUND: Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in bacterial infection of skin wounds delays wound healing. This study aimed to investigate the effects of LPS and endoplasmic reticulum stress in cultured skin fibroblasts and microRNA-211-3p (miR-211-3p) signaling.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Human skin fibroblasts were cultured in increasing concentrations of LPS at 0 ng/ml, 5 ng/ml, 10 ng/ml, and 20 ng/ml for 0, 12 h, 24 h, 36 h, and 48 h. Cell proliferation was determined using the MTT assay. Protein expression levels of the transcription factors GRP78, CHOP, p-JNK, and the endoplasmic reticulum stress apoptosis proteins, caspase-12 and Bcl-2, were determined by Western blot. The expression of miR-211-3p in human skin fibroblasts was detected by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR).
RESULTS: Cell proliferation of human skin fibroblasts decreased with increasing concentrations of LPS in a dose-dependent and time-dependent way. Protein levels of GRP78, CHOP, p-JNK, caspase-12, and Bcl-2 were increased 8 h and 12 h after LPS treatment compared with 0 h and 4 h after treatment. However, the expression of miR-211-3p was decreased in human skin fibroblasts after treatment with LPS. When miR-211-3p was overexpressed, the endoplasmic reticulum stress/CHOP related proteins, including GRP78, CHOP, p-JNK, caspase-12, and Bcl-2 were unchanged after the addition of LPS. Overexpression of miR-211-3p also reduced inhibitory effects of LPS on the growth of human skin fibroblasts.
CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that microRNA-211-3p had a role in the effects of LPS on endoplasmic reticulum stress and CHOP activation in cultured human skin fibroblasts.

Keywords: Endoplasmic reticulum stress, Lipopolysaccharides

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