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03 August 2017 : Original article  

Chemical Composition, Antioxidant, Anti-Inflammatory, and Antiproliferative Activities of the Plant Lebanese Crataegus Azarolus L

Hany Kallassy12ABCDEF, Mohammad Fayyad-Kazan3ABCDEF*, Rawan Makki1BCD, Yolla EL-Makhour4ADE, Eva Hamade1ADE, Hasan Rammal5CDE, David Y. Leger2CDE, Vincent Sol2CDE, Hussein Fayyad-Kazan1BCDE, Bertrand Liagre2ACDEFG, Bassam Badran1ABCDEFG

DOI: 10.12659/MSMBR.905066

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2017; 23:270-284

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In the present study, phytochemical screening, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiproliferative capacities of 3 extracts from leaves of Lebanese Crataegus azarolus L. were evaluated.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fresh leaves were dissolved in 3 different solvents: distilled water, ethanol, and methanol. The chemical composition was determined using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and the content of essential oil of this plant was examined by gas chromatography (GC) coupled with mass spectrometry (MS). The antioxidant potential was evaluated using DPPH radical scavenging and Fe2+ chelating activity assays. Anti-inflammatory effect was investigated by measuring the secreted amounts of the proinflammatory mediator PGE2 using ELISA technique, as well as by assaying the mRNA levels of the proinflammatory cytokines (IL-α, IL-β, and Il-6), chemokines (CCL3 and CCL4) and inflammation-sensitive COX2 and iNOS enzymes using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). The antiproliferative effect was evaluated using the XTT viability assay.

RESULTS: The obtained results show that alcohol (methanol and ethanol) extracts were rich in bioactive molecules with medical relevance and exerted substantial antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiproliferative capacities. On the other hand, aqueous extract contained fewer chemical components and exhibited less therapeutic efficiency.

CONCLUSIONS: Our observations indicate that Crataegus azarolus L. could be used for treating diseases related to oxidative stress, inflammatory reactions, and uncontrolled cell growth.

Keywords: Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Antioxidants, Chemical Fractionation

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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416