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31 July 2018 : Original article  

Increased Mental Well-Being and Reduced State Anxiety in Teachers After Participation in a Residential Yoga Program

Shirley Telles1AE*, Ram Kumar Gupta1BCDE, Abhishek Kumar Bhardwaj1BCDEF, Nilkamal Singh1BCDEF, Prabhat Mishra1B, Deepak Kumar Pal1E, Acharya Balkrishna1AG

DOI: 10.12659/MSMBR.909200

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2018; 24:105-112

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Reducing stress in the workplace improves mental health. Teaching is of social importance, but it may receive inadequate recognition and rewards. The present study compared mental well-being and state anxiety in primary school teachers who practiced 15 days of yoga in a residential setting with those who continued their usual routine.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We enrolled 236 primary school teachers to participate in the study. We assigned 118 primary school teachers (group mean ±S.D., age 41.5±6.0 years, 74 females) to the experimental group; they underwent 15 days of yoga training for 6 hours/day) in a residential yoga center. The non-yoga control group (group mean ±S.D., age 42.3±6.0 years, 79 females) consisted of 118 teachers who continued with their normal teaching routine.

RESULTS: After 15 days in the residential yoga program, there was an increase in overall mental well-being (p<.001) and lower state anxiety (p<.01) (repeated-measures ANOVA, followed by post hoc multiple comparison tests). At baseline, the non-yoga control group had higher levels of state anxiety, presumably related to their remaining in the workplace.

CONCLUSIONS: The study was a 15-day, comparative, controlled trial. The results show that after 15 days of participation in the residential yoga program, primary school teachers increased all aspects of mental well-being and had reduced state anxiety.

Keywords: Faculty, Occupational Health Services, Yoga

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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416