20 June 2015 : Original article
Evaluation of Root Canal Preparation Using Rotary System and Hand Instruments Assessed by Micro-Computed TomographyMiranda StavileciABEF, Veton HoxhaA, Ömer GörduysusA, Ilkan TatarD, Kjell LaperreDE, Jeroen HostensD, Selen KüçükkayaF, Edmond MuhaxheriC
Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2015; 21:123-130
BACKGROUND: Complete mechanical preparation of the root canal system is rarely achieved. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the root canal shaping efficacy of ProTaper rotary files and standard stainless steel K-files using micro-computed tomography.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty extracted upper second premolars were selected and divided into 2 groups of 30 teeth each. Before preparation, all samples were scanned by micro-computed tomography. Thirty teeth were prepared with the ProTaper system and the other 30 with stainless steel files. After preparation, the untouched surface and root canal straightening were evaluated with micro-computed tomography. The percentage of untouched root canal surface was calculated in the coronal, middle, and apical parts of the canal. We also calculated straightening of the canal after root canal preparation. Results from the 2 groups were statistically compared using the Minitab statistical package.
RESULTS: ProTaper rotary files left less untouched root canal surface compared with manual preparation in coronal, middle, and apical sector (p<0.001). Similarly, there was a statistically significant difference in root canal straightening after preparation between the techniques (p<0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: Neither manual nor rotary techniques completely prepared the root canal, and both techniques caused slight straightening of the root canal.
Keywords: Dental Instruments, Bicuspid - pathology, Dental Pulp Cavity - surgery, Root Canal Preparation - standards, X-Ray Microtomography - methods
Most Viewed Current Articles
13 Apr 2020 : Original articleOutcome of 24 Weeks of Combined Schroth and Pilates Exercises on Cobb Angle, Angle of Trunk Rotation, Chest...
Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e920449
11 May 2020 : Original articleAnalysis of Psychological and Sleep Status and Exercise Rehabilitation of Front-Line Clinical Staff in the ...
Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e924085
05 Jan 2021 : Review articleA Southeast Asian Perspective on the COVID-19 Pandemic: Hemoglobin E (HbE)-Trait Confers Resistance Against...
Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2021; 27:e929207
10 Aug 2020 : Clinical ResearchEffects of Cognitive Task Training on Dynamic Balance and Gait of Patients with Stroke: A Preliminary Rando...
Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e925264