Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

Call: 1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research Logo Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

30 August 2015 : Original article  

Evaluation of Downstream Regulatory Element Antagonistic Modulator Gene in Human Multinodular Goiter

Amanda ShinzatoBCDEF, Antonio M. LerarioACE, Chin J. LinACE, Debora S. DanilovicB, Suemi MaruiAB, Ericka B. TrarbachACDEFG

DOI: 10.12659/MSMBR.895096

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2015; 21:179-182

Abstract

BACKGROUND: DREAM (Downstream Regulatory Element Antagonistic Modulator) is a neuronal calcium sensor that was suggested to modulate TSH receptor activity and whose overexpression provokes an enlargement of the thyroid gland in transgenic mice. The aim of this study was to investigate somatic mutations and DREAM gene expression in human multinodular goiter (MNG).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: DNA and RNA samples were obtained from hyperplastic thyroid glands of 60 patients (54 females) with benign MNG. DREAM mutations were evaluated by PCR and direct automatic sequencing, whereas relative quantification of mRNA was performed by real-time PCR. Over- and under-expression were defined as a 2-fold increase and decrease in comparison to normal thyroid tissue, respectively. RQ M (relative quantification mean); SD (standard deviation).

RESULTS: DREAM expression was detected in all nodules evaluated. DREAM mRNA was overexpressed in 31.7% of MNG (RQ M=6.26; SD=5.08), whereas 53.3% and 15% had either normal (RQ M=1.16; SD=0.46) or underexpression (RQ M=0.30; SD=0.10), respectively. Regarding DREAM mutations analysis, only previously described intronic polymorphisms were observed.

CONCLUSIONS: We report DREAM gene expression in the hyperplastic thyroid gland of MNG patients. However, DREAM expression did not vary significantly, and was somewhat underexpressed in most patients, suggesting that DREAM upregulation does not significantly affect nodular development in human goiter.

Keywords: Aged, 80 and over, DNA - metabolism, Gene Expression, Goiter, Nodular - metabolism, Kv Channel-Interacting Proteins - genetics, Mutation, RNA - metabolism, Repressor Proteins - genetics, young adult

0 Comments

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Apr 2020 : Original article  

Outcome of 24 Weeks of Combined Schroth and Pilates Exercises on Cobb Angle, Angle of Trunk Rotation, Chest...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.920449

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e920449

11 May 2020 : Original article  

Analysis of Psychological and Sleep Status and Exercise Rehabilitation of Front-Line Clinical Staff in the ...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.924085

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e924085

05 Jan 2021 : Review article  

A Southeast Asian Perspective on the COVID-19 Pandemic: Hemoglobin E (HbE)-Trait Confers Resistance Against...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.929207

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2021; 27:e929207

10 Aug 2020 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Cognitive Task Training on Dynamic Balance and Gait of Patients with Stroke: A Preliminary Rando...

DOI :10.12659/MSMBR.925264

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2020; 26:e925264

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research eISSN: 2325-4416