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Mostafa Samak, Javid Fatullayev, Anton Sabashnikov, Mohamed Zeriouh, Bastian Schmack, Arjang Ruhparwar, Matthias Karck, Aron-Frederik Popov, Pascal M. Dohmen, Alexander Weymann
(Department of Cardiac Surgery, University Hospital Oldenburg, European Medical School Oldenburg-Groningen, Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany)
Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2016; 22:107-114
Total arterial revascularization is the leading trend in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for the treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD). Adding to its superiority to vein conduits, arteries allow for a high degree of versatility and long-term patency, while minimizing the need for reintervention. This is especially important for patients with multi-vessel coronary artery disease, as well as young patients. However, arterial revascularization has come a long way before being widely appreciated, with some yet unresolved debates, and advances that never cease to impress. In this review, we discuss the evolution of this surgical technique and its clinical success, as well as its most conspicuous limitations in light of accumulated published date from decades of experience.